Vision & Ageing
Vision at 40
40 is a key age for vision and eye health. From your forties on it is normal to experience some changes in your vision. Some of these changes can be very easily treated but from your forties on you are also at much higher risk of eye disease. Early treatment is very effective in dealing with even serious eye diseases so it’s best to get your vision checked regularly.
Symptoms to look out for at 40
- Difficulty reading: needing to move text to a comfortable distance (either arm’s length or very close); blurry vision when reading text.
- Headaches, fatigue or difficulty concentrating when and after doing close work.
- Any changes to your vision that have an impact on your ordinary life: playing sport, working on a computer etc.
- Sudden eye pain or redness, double vision or distorted vision are symptoms that may indicate an eye condition and should be checked as soon as possible.
5 major eye conditions amongst over 40s
Presbyopia – This condition is very common and easily corrected with lenses. Most people that experience some difficulty reading as they age have presbyopia.
Glaucoma – This is an eye disease in which the nerves in the eye are damaged, often as a result of high-pressure in the eye. It can be hereditary and needs to be treated early as it can cause serious damage.
AMD (age-related macular degeneration) – The deterioration of the central part of the retina. This is also hereditary, so if there is a family history you should get checked. There is some treatment available which must be started early as AMD can lead to blindness.
Cataract – Quite common and widely known. Cataracts are caused by the ageing of the natural lens of the eye. Cloudy vision is a symptom. Cataracts can be treated.
Diabetic retinopathy – This is an important consideration for diabetics. Diabetic retinopathy should be detected and treated early and can require laser treatment.